Why are some wines white, some red and some pink?

White wines are generally made with grapes that have yellow or green skins.  White wines can also be made from black-skinned grapes if the juice is separated from the grape skins early enough (before fermentation).  Red wines get their color from being fermented in contact with the skins of dark grapes.  Rose gets its pink color by a short contact time with the skins of dark-colored grapes before fermentation or by mixing finished red wine with finished white wine.

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